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Sunday, July 17, 2005

Where Barbarians Masquerade as Civilized

This is an interesting article that I came across while I was reading NST today, a brilliant point of view from Dr. Chandra Muzaffar.

While the western civilization are searching the root problem of terrorism (as suggested by Mr. Blair), we already know what are the root causes of the problem.

IT is unanimous: The dastardly bomb attacks in London on July 7, 2005, were a barbaric act. There is no other way to describe the planned, premeditated targeting of civilians. It is political violence of this sort that constitutes stark, naked terrorism.

While all of us would regard 7/7 as barbaric, some of us would be deeply disturbed by statements attributed to British and American leaders in the immediate aftermath of the tragedy, statements that sought to present themselves as men upholding the canons of civilised conduct. In their view — and in the sight of the media — they were "defenders of civilisation" under siege from barbaric elements.

Nothing could be further from the truth. If it is barbaric to murder 50 civilians, is it civilised to kill 100,000 civilians in Iraq? That is the number of civilians who have died in Iraq as a result of the Anglo-American occupation since March 2003, according to a Johns Hopkins University study.

Is it civilised to use cluster munitions, incendiary bombs, depleted uranium (DU) and chemical weapons against a civilian population?

As a member of the Jury of Conscience of the World Tribunal on Iraq (WTI) which sat in Istanbul on June 23-27, 2005, I was presented detailed evidence by expert witnesses on "how leukaemia has risen sharply in children under the age of five residing in those areas which had been targeted by DU".

I heard accounts of how the occupying forces deliberately directed attacks on hospitals, residential neighbourhoods, electricity stations and water purification plants. The total destruction of Falluja is testimony to this. It is a city where even children, pregnant women, elderly persons and wounded civilians were sprayed with bullets.

And lest we forget, what about the degrading torture of prisoners not only in Abu Ghraib but also in Mosul, Camp Bucca and Basra? Is that a mark of civilisation?

The "civilised" destruction of Iraq did not begin with its occupation in 2003. The severe and inhuman economic sanctions against the people of Iraq over a period of 12 years beginning in August 1990 had already killed at least 650,000 children. How can civilised leaders preside over such inhumanity?

But Iraq is only the latest victim of the "civilised" embrace of the great centres of Western imperial power. We still remember Vietnam, whose soil is soaked with the blood of millions of men, women and children who were slaughtered mercilessly as they resisted first French and then American aggression. The latter had no qualms about using such "civilised" weapons as Agent Orange and napalm as it attempted to crush the "barbaric" Vietcong.

Other "barbaric" nations in Asia and Africa have their own tales to tell of the colossal price they paid when they came face to face with the "civilised" marauders from the West. It has been estimated that in the Western colonial subjugation of the two continents some 40 million lives were lost.

But the continent that has suffered most at the hands of Western civilisation is, of course, Latin America. From the extermination of the indigenous peoples from the 15th century onwards (perhaps some 30 million people were killed) to the elimination of opponents of US imperialism in the 20th century, it is a continent that has borne the full brunt of the "civilising mission" of powerful aggressors.

The point is simple. Leaders in the West, specifically those in London and Washington, have no moral authority to talk of civilised standards.

One should realise that when these leaders kill civilians it is invariably part of some nefarious plan to conquer someone else’s land, or to control someone else’s resources, or to establish one’s hegemonic power.

In other words, civilian slaughter has been an integral dimension of the numerous wars of aggression that the centres of power in the West have undertaken in the course of the last 1,000 years, the Iraq adventure being the latest.

Of course, non-Western states have also embarked upon wars of aggression. Whoever the perpetrator, a war of aggression by its very nature is a far greater evil than any other violence we know, as the Nuremberg Trials observed.

It follows from this that the killing of civilians in such wars is, from a moral perspective, more barbaric than the senseless, mindless violence that those who are fighting subjugation and occupation sometimes engage in. Thus, in specific language, the occupiers of Iraq have been more barbaric than the London bombers.

Why is it that most people are not aware of this? Why is it that the barbaric deeds of those who claim to be civilised are not part of the popular consciousness? The main reason is the reality of global power. Those who have donned on the robe of civilisation happen to be the rulers of the world. They are in a position to shape the global discourse on what is right and what is wrong, who is good and who is evil. Their power is so overwhelming that they have transformed oppressor into liberator; aggressor into victim; warmonger into peacemaker.

Which is why barbarians masquerade as the civilised today.
“Maka bagaimanakah (keadaan orang-orang kafir pada hari akhirat kelak), apabila Kami datangkan dari tiap-tiap umat seorang saksi (iaitu Rasul mereka sendiri menjadi saksi terhadap perbuatan mereka), dan Kami juga datangkan engkau (wahai Muhammad) sebagai saksi terhadap umatmu ini?” (An-Nisaa' : 41)


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